Record-breaking new supply in Poland's office market

Approx. 800,000 sq m of office space was delivered in 2016. This is the best result in the history of Poland's office market.

Warsaw, 4 January 2017 – JLL presents its preliminary summary of Poland's office market performance in 2016.

Mateusz Polkowski, JLLMateusz Polkowski, Head of Research and Consulting at JLL, says: “2016 saw the highest developer activity in the history of the Polish office market. Approximately 800,000 sq m of office space was delivered to market, a 25% increase on 2015's performance. Overall office stock in Poland exceeded 9 million sq m in 2016 with Warsaw alone exceeding 5 million sq m.”

In Warsaw, 2016 was also unique not only in terms of volume of new space, but also due to the fact that two new office towers – namely Warsaw Spire and Q22 – were delivered to the market as well. As for major markets outside Warsaw, office buildings offering approx. 400,000 sq m were completed and the biggest projects among them included Business Garden I in Wrocław, Tryton Business House in Gdańsk, Maraton I&II in Poznań, University Business Park II in Łódź, Pegaz in Wrocław, C200 in Gdańsk or O3 Business Campus I in Kraków.

“Developer activity continues apace – there is approx. 1.4 million sq m of new space under development in Poland, with the lion's share located in Warsaw, Kraków, Wrocław and Tri-City. It is worth noticing that Kraków will exceed the threshold of one million sq m of office space in 2017. It will be the second Polish city, after Warsaw to do so. Furthermore, Olivia Star - the highest office building in Northern Poland – will be delivered to market in Gdańsk”, adds Mateusz Polkowski.

Demand remained high throughout 2016. Despite the fact that it did not exceed the historical record-breaking result of 2015, the amount of office space leased in 2016 was higher than in 2014. Over 930,000 sq m was leased by the end of September 2016 compared with over 1 million sq m leased throughout the whole of 2014. This indicates that 2016 is second only to 2015 in terms of office demand. Furthermore, the prospects regarding demand in 2017 remain positive.

Vacancy rate and rents

By the end of Q3 2016, vacancy rates in Poland was 6.3% in Kraków, 10.2% in Wrocław, 12% in Tri-City and 15.5% in Katowice. In Warsaw, the vacancy rate was 14.6%.

According to, prime rents in Warsaw stand at €20.5-€23.5 / sq m / month in the city centre. Rents outside the city centre averaged between €11 and €17,5 / sq m / month. The downward trend is reflected mainly in effective rents, which are on average 15-20% lower compared to transactional rents (for key tenants, incentive packages may prove to be even more advantageous).

Outside Warsaw, rents were relatively stable and averaged out at between €11 and €12 / sq m / month in Lublin and €14-€14.5 / sq m / month in Wrocław.

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